Catalonia's president said the region won the right to independence from Spain.
In a speech to the Catalan Parliament, Carles Puigdemont said he will follow the will of those who voted in the Oct. 1 referendum. But he's delaying any formal changes until his government can discuss the issue with the Spanish government.
But the Spanish government argues the referendum itself was illegal. Spanish police and security forces tried to prevent Catalans from voting, causing violent clashes.
Since then, Spanish officials have refused to negotiate, despite thousands of people across Spain urging both sides to engage in dialouge.
Spain's prime minister previously said he wouldn't rule out invoking article 155 of the constitution to forcibly remove Catalonia's regional government from office and hold a new election.
On Monday, France's minister of European affairs said the country won't recognize an independent Catalonia.
Puigdemont said, "If everyone acts responsibly, the conflict can be resolved in a calm and agreed manner." But it's unclear how long Catalan leaders will wait to start a dialogue with Spain.
Correction: A previous version of this story was unclear about which countries border Catalonia.