The First Step Act is a prison and sentencing reform bill that would enact the most drastic set of changes to the federal criminal justice system in the last 20 years.
Ed Chung is the Vice President of criminal justice reform for the Center for American Progress. In response to the First Step Act he published a piece called "The Dilemma of Endorsing the FIRST STEP Act During the Trump Administration," which outlined his concerns about passing reform under the Trump administration.
"If this bill had been passed, maybe four years ago, with the Obama administration, then we would have more comfort, right? Because it was an administration that openly supports this type of reform … This current administration is not one that does that," Chung said.
"It still doesn't do enough when it comes to placing additional checks on the DOJ … We just think that there could be more things when it comes to transparency when it comes to sharing information that especially a Justice Department under this administration of the Trump administration needs to do," Chung added.
Jessica Sloan is the national director and co-founder of Cut50, a prison reform initiative that has been lobbying to get the First Step Act to President Trump's desk.
"This is a president that ran on American carnage, right? … This is a president who could have been actually terrible, terrible on this issue. And we were ready for that. … This is an issue that I think people evolve on, right? And this has actually been a pretty quick evolution, if you look at where he was at the campaign to now. … I think, as he continues to be exposed to more and more avenues of criminal justice that he's going to realize, you know, there are areas where the system is broken throughout the entire system," Sloan said.
Ed Chung on the other hand, doesn't believe the President has had an evolution of thought on the issue but he does acknowledge how helpful this legislation could be even if the bill is imperfect.
"I look at this administration as a transactional administration. And so I think that there is certainly going to be a victory lap by this administration if this passes. He's going to talk about all of the great things he has done for communities of color, which in our estimation, has not been great … In fact, it's gone the other way. But for us, what we have to look at it is, does it help people? And does it help people who we care about the most: people who have been wronged, people who are underserved and people who are marginalized."
While Chung and the Center for American Progress opposed the initial draft of the First Step Act they have endorsed the Senate's version and are hoping it gets passed this legislative session. Both Sloan and Chung agree, that if this bill does what it's supposed to do — it doesn't matter who signs it into law.
"You could put tangible numbers behind people who will be helped by some of these provisions. … And so at that point, whatever he does with it politically, we think that it actually helps people and whoever signs this bill, it's just, it doesn't matter which President signs this bill at that point and who gets credit for it," Chung said.
"It's not about if it's Obama, or if it's President Trump. This isn't a win for any presidency, or any elected official. This is a win for the people who are inside and this is a win for their families who, like me, have been devastated by the system," Sloan said.