President Donald Trump's proposed budget would cut money from most national science departments — and it's not easy for private industry to take up the slack. If there's one thing the government is really good at, it's driving basic scientific discovery.
NASA probes and missions enable our space exploration and planetary science. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration works with other governments to get weather and climate data from a fleet of satellites.
This is the sort of basic research the private sector isn't all that interested in because it's really hard to profit from basic discoveries when you have no idea what the applications will be.
Private research can and does advance science. Transistors came from Bell Labs, for example, and those are indispensable in modern tech. Bill Gates intends to eradicate malaria. Today, Elon Musk runs his own space program with some contract help from NASA.
But scientists have endorsed a division of labor, even before science budgets were on the chopping block. Researchers in every field, from physics to neuroscience — even economics and social science — have called for strong support for basic science.
If anything, they say the climate and health problems on the horizon will make that work more important than ever.