Taylor Swift's "Reputation" album is giving us a brilliant case study in how pop stars actually make money these days.
On the first day of "Reputation's" release, Swift sold over 700,000 copies in the U.S. Analysts think she could surpass 1.29 million in the first week — beating the mark she set with her last album, "1989."
But selling 1.3 million copies in the first week would be just a third of the record held by Adele. Her album "25" sold 3.4 million copies in its first week.
So, is Adele three times the superstar, or what? The answer likely lies in when artists let streaming services have a piece of the action and what they stand to gain in the process.
Adele made streaming services wait seven months before giving them access to "25," selling nearly 9 million copies in that time.
It might have angered fans, but it takes a lot of streams to equal an album. For example, Kendrick Lamar's "DAMN" streamed a whopping 341 million times in its opening week, but the album equivalent of that is only 217,000.
It's the most profitable thing a musician can sell — more than concert tickets, streams or CDs.
And to encourage fans to buy her gear, Swift links her merchandise to her concerts. In a deal with Ticketmaster, fans can sign up for a program that puts them in line for tickets, and the more they participate in "boost activities," the higher their place in line.
No surprise, buying a $60 gold snake ring increases a fan's rank more than watching one of her lyric videos.
But Swift's Ticketmaster deal could also help boost her album sales. Fans can move up in the rankings by purchasing her album multiple times from different retailers — earning up to 13 different "boosts."