Commerce Secretary Wilbur Ross was supposed to face questioning in a lawsuit challenging his decision to add a citizenship question to the 2020 census.
But the U.S. Supreme Court has decided to put Ross' deposition on hold.
On Tuesday, a federal appeals court denied a request by the Trump administration to stop an order forcing Ross and Justice Department official John Gore to testify this week.
But later that night, Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg issued a temporary stay on the order while the high court decides how to handle the Trump administration's request.
As several outlets have noted, this could be the first matter new Supreme Court Justice Brett Kavanaugh will publicly vote on.
Ginsberg's order gives the challengers until Thursday afternoon to file their response to the administration's request.