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ICE Is Arresting More Undocumented Immigrants Without Criminal Records

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ICE Is Arresting More Undocumented Immigrants Without Criminal Records
President Trump and President Obama gave differing instructions to ICE agents.
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Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents under the Trump administration are increasingly arresting undocumented immigrants without criminal convictions. 

In the last fiscal year of Barack Obama's presidency, about 87 percent of undocumented immigrants arrested had criminal records. In the first half of fiscal year 2018 under Donald Trump's presidency, that number dropped to about 67 percent, according to The Wall Street Journal.

The change shows a difference in approach between the Trump administration and the Obama administration. 

President Trump said he would prioritize criminals for deportation, but his definition of who is considered a criminal is pretty broad. It includes those who've committed any criminal offense, which could include minor infractions.

ICE agents also have more discretion in who they choose to target. A statement by ICE last year says: "Officers have been given clear direction to focus on threats to public safety and national security. ... However, when we encounter others who are in the country unlawfully, we will execute our sworn duty and enforce the law."

Former President Obama, however, prioritized arresting undocumented immigrants who had been convicted of serious crimes. ICE agents told The New York Times they were told to focus on immigrants who had been convicted of felonies or multiple misdemeanors, or those who were deemed a public safety threat for other reasons such as gang affiliation.

Immigrant arrests in general are up under the Trump administration. Last year, ICE announced a nearly 40 percent increase in arrests between January and April compared to the same time the year before.

Editor's note: This story has been updated with more information about how the Trump and Obama administrations' approaches to immigration differ. We've also removed a reference to President Trump's campaign promise to target immigrants who have criminal records — while he did make statements about deporting "criminal aliens," he also made broader statements about removing all undocumented immigrants.