It's hard out there for young African penguins looking for a bite to eat. They can't adapt quickly to rapid changes in climate and fishing. Juvenile African penguins travel thousands of miles along the South African and Namibian coasts, searching for breeding grounds. The birds follow signs for sardines and anchovies, their favorite cuisine.
But when they arrive at what they thought would be a buffet, jellyfish and other less nutritious fish are all that's left. Low ocean temperatures and the smell of plankton used to be reliable signs of food, but climate change and overfishing have depleted fish stocks.
Researchers say catch limits and other conservation efforts could help the penguins, but more research needs to be done to protect them from the forces that affect their prey.