The future of internal medicine could be in the hands of some microscopic robot fish.
Yes, that would make a cool plot for Pixar's next animated feature, but it's real science, and it's happening now. (Video via Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures / "Inside Out")
Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a method for 3-D printing microscopic fish that could be used in medical applications. (Video via University of California, San Diego)
How small are they? They're 120 micrometers in length and 30 micrometers in width.
How small is that? There are 1,000 micrometers in a millimeter, so 16 microfish could fit on a coarse grain of sand.
The fish are propelled by magnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in the head and platinum nanoparticles in the tail, which can be altered to dictate the speed and direction of their swimming.
The microfish itself is actually made out of a gel that's been used in other medical applications, and the printing technology allows for the fish to be redesigned. The researchers tried out manta ray and shark designs in addition to the fish. (Video via University of California, San Diego)
The process of 3-D nano printing is one of the biggest boosts to the microfish's potential medical applications: You can print "a large array" of microfish in just seconds. (Video via Vienna University of Technology)
Nanorobot technology has a long history in science fiction, but research is bringing it increasingly closer to reality. The development of the microfish represents a trend toward looking to the natural world for design inspiration. (Video via Paramount Pictures / "Terminator Genisys," Wyss Institute)
But we're still a ways off "Terminator"-level nanotechnology. In the meantime, the researchers say they can see microfish applications including drug delivery and therapeutics.
This video includes images from UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering / W. Zhu and J. Li and UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering / John Warner.