Mathematician Wins $700K For Solving Fermat's Last Theorem
The solution to Fermat's last theorem eluded mathematicians for over 300 years.By Matt Picht | March 17, 2016
Wiles is most famous for tackling "Fermat's last theorem," an equation first described by 17th-century theorist Pierre de Fermat. He posited x^n+y^n could never equal z^n for any value of n greater than 2. However, Fermat neglected to write down his proof for that claim, and mathematicians would spend the next 300 years puzzling over the solution.
Solving the problem took Wiles seven years of research, and the solution runs to over 150 pages. Published in 1995, the solution proves the modularity theorem applies to semistable elliptical solids. We don't have the degrees needed to explain what that means, but the discovery is credited with opening new doors in two very complex fields of study.