A Remote-Controlled Cyborg Stingray Now Exists
Scientists built a robotic stingray that uses no electronic parts to move, just living cells.By Steven Sparkman | July 7, 2016
Scientists have built what you should really only describe as a cyborg stingray. It's a soft-bodied synthetic fish that uses real living cells to move around.
The goal is to mimic the gentle and efficient way stingrays and skates glide through the water. But while earlier robots have done that with motors, wires and electricity, this one does it with heart cells grown from rats.
No wires, no electronics, just a springy skeleton, a silicone body and a thin coating made from beating heart tissue.